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Publius Cornelius Scipio (Africanus) of Rome
Here is a brief timeline on Scipio's life and a brief description of Scipio the man. For more information on Scipio, please refer to the books in my Source List, or visit some of the web sites listed at the end of this timeline.
Publius Cornelius Scipio (Africanus)
(b. 236BCE - d. 184BCE)
236 - Publius Cornelius Scipio was born to Publius Cornelius Scipio the Elder.
218-216 - Young Scipio accompanied his father in the opening moves of the Second Punic War, winning honors for saving his father, the Consul when he was wounded by a Numidian javelin.
216 - Young Scipio survived the battle at Cannae.
214 - Young Scipio was elected the the office of Curile Aedile, despite being too young to hold the office.
212 - Scipio's father and uncle were killed in Iberia.
211 - Scipio elected Consul and sent to Iberia when no one else wanted the job.
210 - Scipio captured New Carthage, the Carthaginian capital in Iberia.
209 - Scipio defeated Hannibal's brother, Hasdrubal at the battle of Baecula, winning the rich Barca silver mines.
206 - Scipio drove the Carthaginians from Iberia.
205 - Scipio returned to Rome and was elected Consul though he was denied Africa as his assignment.
204 - He gathered an army in Sicily and sailed to Africa. He attacked and defeated the Carthaginian settlement of Utica. Masinissa of Numidia joined him and they defeated Carthage's Numidian ally, Syphax.
202 - Scipio defeated Hannibal at the battle of Zama. Carthage surrendered to Rome.
201 - Scipio returned to Rome and celebrated his triumph. He was awarded the cognomen, Africanus, to honor him for defeating Carthage.
194 - He was elected consul again.
189 - He defeated King Antiochus at Magnesia.
185 - Scipio is accused of accepting a bribe from King Antiochus in exchange for generous peace terms. Scipio refutes charge, but leaves Rome in disgust.
184 - Scipio died in voluntary exile. He was buried at Liternum, having stated that the ungrateful citizens of Rome would not have his bones.
Hannibal Barca and the Punic Wars