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The Second Punic War
Here is a brief timeline of the Second Punic War. For more information, please refer to the books in my Source List.
The Second Punic War
(219BCE - 202BCE)
219 - Hannibal beseiged Saguntum.
218 - Saguntum fell. Rome declared war on Carthage. Hannibal marched across Gaul and over the Alps. Publius Cornelius Scipio the Elder was wounded at Ticinus and saved by his son, Publius Cornelius Scipio the Younger. Sicily and Malta revolted. Rome defeated them. Hannibal massicured the Romans at Trabia. Gnaeus Scipio won victories in Iberia.
217 - Hannibal slaughtered the Romans at the battle of Trasimene Lake. The Romans scored a naval victory in Iberia.
216 - Hannibal massicured the Romans at Cannae. Mago sent to report the victory at Cannae to Carthage and bring back men and supplies. Hannibal was replused by the city of Nola. Capua defected from Rome to Carthage. Quintus Fabius Maximus was elected Dictator. Maximus ordered Roman army not to engage Hannibal, but began an elaborate strategy of containment. Hannibal was trapped at Casilinum and used cattle to break free. Rufus defied Maximus's tactics and bloodied Hannibal's nose. Hannibal lured Rufus into a trap. Maximus saved him. Hasdrubal was prevented by Scipio the Elder and Gnaeus Scipio from leaving Iberia to reinforce Hannibal.
215 - Macedon allied with Carthage, but their enviys were captured by the Romans. Marcellus defeated Hannibal at Nola. Scipio the Elder and Gnaeus Scipio scored more Roman victories in Iberia.
214 - Young Scipio was elected the the office of Curile Aedile, despite being too young to hold the office. Marcellus was sent to Scicily to quell the revolt there. Syracuse revolted against the Romans. The Romans attacked Syracuse. Rome landed at Apollonia (Macedon) and began the first Macedonian War. Scipio the Elder and Gnaeus Scipio captured Saguntum.
213 - The Romans approach King Syphax of Numidia offering friendship.
212 - Hannibal took Tarentum. Hannibal defeated the Romans in Apulia. The Romans beseiged Capua. Marcellus took Syracuse. Publius Cornelius Scipio the Elder and his brother, Gnaeus Scipio were defeated and killed in Iberia.
211 - Hannibal marhed on Rome to relieve Capuan seige. Capua surrendered to the Romans. Hasdrubal escaped from Nero in Iberia. Publius Cornelius Scipio the Younger volunteered to replace his father in Iberia. Marcellus was given a triumph in Rome.
210 - Rome allied with Pergamum and the Aetolian League. There was a fire in Rome the City. Sicily concluded peace terms with Rome. Scipio the Younger captured New Carthage in Iberia. King Syphax sent envoys to Rome. Rome raided the African coast.
209 - Twelve Latin colonies defected to Carthage. Maximus re-took Tarentum. Scipio the Younger defeated Hasdrubal at Baecula, winning the rich Barca silver mines.
208 - Marcellus was killed by a Numidian javelin. Maharbal, Hannibal's Numidian cavalry leader, was killed at the same time. Phillip the V intervened in Greece.
207 - Hasdrubal crosssed the Alps to reinforce his brother, Hannibal, in Rome. Hasdrubal's letter to his brother was intercepted by Nero. Nero defeated Hasdrubal and threw his head into Hannibal's camp.
206 - Masinissa jouned the Romans. Carthage abandoned Iberia.
205 - Maximus turned on Scipio. Scipio recruited men in Sicily. Laelius, Scipio's second in command, raided African coast.
204 - Syphax and Carthage became allies. Scipio crossed to Africa and Masinissa joined him.
203 - Romans burned the Carthaginian camp in Utica. Syphax was defeated on the Great Plains. Masinissa defeated Syphax and took over Cirta. Mago was defeated in northern Rome. Hannibal and Mago were recalled home by Carthage. Hannibal sailed for Carthage. Mago died. Maximus died.
202 - Hanniba and Scipio met face to face at Zama. Scipio defeated Hannibal at the battle of Zama. Carthage surrendered to Rome.
201 - Scipio returned to Rome and celebrated his triumph. He was awarded the cognomen, Africanus, to honor him for defeating Carthage.